Jekyll: This is the elderly gentleman at the centre of the story who
struggles with the dual nature of his personality. Although very kind
and friendly to his friends, Dr. Jekyll has a dark side, which he chooses
to express in the person of Mr. Hyde. Although he valiantly tries to
keep Mr. Hyde away, eventually the dark side of his personality wins
out, threatening his life.
Mr. Utterson: This man is the main character of the story. Utterson
is a lawyer but also a personal friend to nearly all of the other characters,
and helps solve the case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The story is told
from his perspective and the reader soon realizes that he’s a
good-natured man. Utterson is described as shy, with a rugged countenance.
Mr. Enfield: Enfield is the best friend of Utterson. He goes on weekly
Sunday afternoon walks through the town with him. One Sunday, Enfield
tells Utterson about Mr. Hyde and the strange house in which he lives.
Dr. Lanyon: Lanyon is an elderly doctor who helps Utterson to solve
the case when he describes the letter given to him by Jekyll. Lanyon
is the one who witnesses Jekyll’s transformation into Hyde and
he writes a letter to Utterson, before dying, to explain Jekyll's transformation.
this initial presentation of the main characters of the novel, we will
try to analyse their relationships with vice and evil, morality and
Enfield and Mr. Utterson complement each other's limitations. Enfield
is not as sober as Mr. Utterson is; he is a model of experience. Enfield
is a distant kinsman of Utterson and also his best friend, so he contacts
with Mr Hyde's evilness because of Utterson's friendship with Dr. Jekyll.
He is not presented as a man full of vice, neither as an evil one. Instead,
he is a "well-known man" respected by the society as a man
full of virtues. He represents, with Utterson and Lanyon, the moral
side of the society.
is very sober. He works as a lawyer and so, he has access to Jekyll's
will. He is respected and he is shown as a gentleman (he is moral).
As the best friend and the confident of Jekyll, he is strongly related
to the vice and evilness of Mr.Hyde but he remains virtuous and moral
all the novel long. His morality makes him say to Jekyll that he has
not to establish contact anymore with Hyde.
Lanyon was a friend of Dr.Jekyll, and he is still a good friend of Utterson.
While Utterson and Enfield complement each other's limitations, as we
have said, Jekyll and Lanyon reveal each other's emptiness. He breaks
his friendship with Jekyll because he sees Hyde's transformation into
Jekyll. Because of his morality, he tries to make Jekyll renounce to
continue his experiments but Jekyll refuses and so, they are not friends
anymore. He is related to vice and evil as he is in contact with Mr.Hyde.
is seen by the society as a moral man, but one day he becomes tired
of being so moral and he "creates" Mr. Hyde, which is his
alter ego. His experiments would not be seen as "moral" in
his society and Hyde is, definitely, an immoral, wicked and full of
vice man. As Henry Jekyll, is one of the best friends Utterson has and
he was Lanyon's friend. As the story goes on, he leaves his friends
apart in order to spend his whole time with his experiments. As Edward
Hyde, he has no friends and, moreover, he frightens everybody. Both
Hyde and Jekyll die.